Legal Aspects

Legal Issues

The Data Protection Act:

Computer systems can hold huge quantities of information and global networks are able to share and distribute this information around the world in seconds. In order to control this development and to protect people’s right to privacy, the Data Protection Act was introduced.

Out of the 8 basic principles of the Data Protection Act the following should be considered when creating computer systems:

The Computer Misuse Act - 1990

Under this law, the following offences are classified as hacking and are illegal:

The Copyright, Designs and Patents Act - 1989

Unauthorised copying of computer software is a criminal offence. This Act covers stealing software, using illegally copied software and manuals, and running purchased software on more machines than the license allows.

When a computer system is created all the software used should be fully licensed, including the operating system, utility software and application software.