Software - Examples

Examples and types of software

Below is a list of the different kinds of software a computer may have installed with examples of related programs.

It should be noted that although software is thought of as a program, it can be anything that runs on a computer. The table below also includes a program column to clarify any software that is not a program.

Software Examples
Antivirus AVG, McAfee, Norton
Audio / Music program, iTunes, WinAmp, Windows media Player
Database< Access, MySQL, SQL
Device drivers Computer drivers
E-mail Outlook, Thunderbird, Mail
Game Madden NFL Football, Quake, World of Warcraft
Internet browser Firefox, Google Chrome, Internet Explorer, Safari
Movie player VLC, Windows Media Player
Operating system Android, iOS, Linux, macOS, Windows
Photo / Graphics program Adobe PhotoShop, CorelDRAW, Blender
Presentation PowerPoint, Keynote
Programming language C++, HTML, Java, Perl, Visual Basic (VB), Python
Simulation Flight simulator, SimCity
Spreadsheet Excel, Numbers
Utility Compression, Disk Cleanup, Encryption, Registry cleaner, Screen saver
Word processor Word, Pages

What are the merits of different sources of software?

Custom written (bespoke) software:

Bespoke software is software that has been custom-developed for a particular organisation by software developers.

Advantages:

Disadvantages:

Off the shelf (packaged) software:

Most software that is in use today is packaged, 'off the shelf' software that is designed to cover a wide range of possible uses and users. The same applications will typically be run by many thousands of users.

Advantages:

Disadvantages:

Open source software:

Proprietary software: